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Little Aying is know also as the "Bierdorf" which means beer village. Obviously this nickname comes from its famous brewery and the typical Bavarian hospitality which you will find there.
During my last visit to Bavaria I have been four times in a beer garden in Aying enjoying different kinds of beer and delicious Bavarian food in an exciting atmosphere.
This picture of a beer garden was taken in the morning. Later it is a problem to find a free table.
For an early lunch I had "Weißwürste" (white sausages) with "Weißbier" (wheat beer) and pretzels. I found interesting company in three lawyers from Ingolstadt.
The church is another landmark of Aying
Walk a little bit around and experience a typical Bavarian village
If you did too much walking just go back to the beer garden or a restaurant before you leave
If you want to have an exclusive meal, this restaurant is the right place
Above place is not only a very fine restaurant it is also a hotel which belongs to the brewery. During the Oktoberfest season we always had many visitors from all over the world. Some of them enjoyed to stay here.
Aying has also a small museum which is called the "Heimathaus". It is located in the "Sixthof". As far as I know it is only open in summer on Saturdays and Sundays in the afternoon. It shows how people lived here about 150 to 200 years ago.
A new brewery is being built.
When I drove to the well known brewery I found lots of construction. I was told that the new brewery should be open soon and it will provide guided tours.
If you want to learn something about the history of Aying the following extensive information which have been given to me by the management of the hotel, respective the brewery.
Note: The following is the original text given to me, except a few corrections to make it better understandable.
"Aying - its history and sights of interest":
As far back as the Bronze Age (1150- 1200 B. C.), there are signs of human habitation in our area.
In old burial grounds north of Aying, typical pieces of jewelry of this age have been found, such heart shaped pendants, long pins and bracelets.
The Roman highway from Salzburg to Augsburg passed only 2 kilometers Southwest of our village. The name Aying is originated from the Roman Christian name Agius, which then became adapted to Bavaria during the course of time.
The first document mentioning Aying is of the year 791. On March 6, 791 the clergyman Rihpert von Ayingen rendered his property to the Cathedral Chapter of Freising.
In the 13 th century, development led to the establishment of a Wittelsbach feudal tenure. According to the oldest register written by bishop Konrad III in 1315, the parish of Aying belonged to the deanery of Aibling.
In the 14 th century, Aying already appears as a court landmark. On May 6, 1385, Stephan, Duke
in Bavaria, invested Hans der Ayinger with the power of Lower Justice and the tavern of Ayingen. It was of incisive effect on the history of Aying that, on October 22, 1459, Hans Eglinger sold the court landmark to the monastery of Bernried for 780 Rhenish florins.
As the owner of court landmark, the provost of Bernried was also a secular authority and could practice Lower Justice. In 1522 only 20 of the Aying estates were not bound to the monastery of Bernried, but to other feudal lords. The court landmark of Aying stayed under the monastery of Bernried until being secularized in 1803. There were few free peasants at that time. The farmers were held in tenure. The feudal tenants had to pay the landlords for the lease.
The "Thirty Years' War" brought hard times to Aying. The Swedes plundered the village several times and, in 1632, burnt down the church. In the years 1634, 118 inhabitants died from the effects of war and 55 from the plague.
The village had died out except for "some thirty people". In the time after the "Thirty Years' War", 1656 saw the village church being reconstructed under the then vicar Dreyer. The lower part of the Romanic church tower, which had remained, was topped with an octagon. Certainly the most beautiful Renaissance tower in the district. The whole interior shows the conflict between the fading out of the Gothic and the upcome of the Italian style (Renaissance). Particularly worth seeing is our parish church St. Andreas (St. Andrews) with its beautiful pulpit, the expressive crucifix on the Southern side of the church wall, and St. Francis's chapel with its baptismal font, built on to the church in the early 18 th century.
In 1671, the tax description stated that there were in Aying: 3/4 farms (1 farm meant 62 acres under plough) 9 hides, 7 tenures, 6 half tenures and 23 cottages and workshops. There were one blacksmith, one tailor, two weavers, one shoemaker, two cart wrights, one carpenter, one shepherd, one court usher, and 13 day-labourers. Livestock amounted to 63 horses, 122 cows, 24 head of young cattle, 26 sows, 100 fattened pigs, and 17 sheep.
The Spanish Succession War (1701 -1714) and the Austrian Succession War (1741 -1748) brought again disaster and misery to the population.
Around 1784, the first veterans and soldiers association was founded.
In 1801, Josef von Hazzi gives a detailed description of our area.
After the secularization in 1803, the land holders of Aying became state dependent holders. Only few could afford to accept the offer of settlement due to the scarcity of money and high settlement prices.
Back in 1767, the school had been transferred from Peiss to Aying.
In 1904, the railway section Munich - Aying was opened.
Besides the parish church of St. Andrew's there is another sight of cultural interest.
"Heimathaus Sixthaus", a local museum which is open to visitors at weekends from Easter till the end of October. It shows a farmhouse and farm equipment of about 200 years ago. Sixthof is a brewery institution and was dedicated to the general public on the occasion of the brewery's 100 th anniversary in 1978. In connection with the opening of Sixthof, a booklet containing much of the local history and life during this period has been published. It is available at our reception desk.
An object of particular interest in the immediate vicinity is the parish church of Kleinhelfendorf, where the itinerant Bishop Emmeran was tortured to death on September 22 in the year 652.
St. Emmeran is the patron saint of this beautiful parish church, built in its present day style by Konstantin Pader in the year 1668/69. It is considered one of the most charming smaller baroque churches in Bavaria (excellent Miesbach stucco work). At the boundary of Kleinhelfendorf you will find St., Emmeram's Martyrdom Chapel with a very dramatic depiction of the torture scene.
For touring to and from Munich, as well as in the surrounding area we recommend the "Ayinger Bierwanderkarte" (Aying Beer Touring Map). Our district, with its meadows and woods offers a wide range of walking and cycling tours.
"On the history of the brewery guest house of Aying":
On May 6, 1385, Stepan, Duke in Bavaria, invested Hans der Ayinger with the power of Lower Justice and the tavern of Ayingen. This is the oldest documentation of the existence of an inn at Aying.
Another reference is found on an epitaph which previously decorated our family tomb in the Aying cemetery, but, for safety reasons, is now kept in our local museum, the "Heimathaus
Sixthof". The epitaph from the year 1634 depicts the donor with his family, and reads:
"In praise and honor of God Almighty, the honorable Georg Gartenmaier, judge and innkeeper of Aying, with his two housewives and children, had this epitaph made as an eternal memory."
The documents of the Country Court of Aibling (1802, protocol Mathias Schuster) inform us of another innkeeper, in connection with a maypole litigation:
"also the innkeeper Mathias Huber was given the Bengal cane on his back and feet by the Country Judge until he paid the community the costs of the execution and the subsistence amounting to 82 gold florins and 50 groats. The innkeeper is also said to have been attacked by the Country Judge's trapping dog......"
Was this the reasons why the Huber family sold their property in Aying? In any case, my great-great-great-grandparents, Franz and Katharina Liebhard, had decided to sell their estate "zum Garner" at Arget, and buy the farm and forest with the tavern of Aying, around the year 1820.
Franz Liebhard (1775- 1840) was succeeded by his son Peter Liebhard (1816- 1900).
In 1877, his oldest son, Johann Liebhard ( 1845-1910) and his wife Maria, nee Kressierer, post-keeper's daughter of Markt Schwaben, took possession of the estate. He was a very active and open minded busindssman. On several occasions he traveled to Paris returning with many new incentives. His motto was:
To observe and say little
Not to complain to everyone
To listen and not to answer
To be modest in all places
To submit to good and bad luck
is one of the greatest masterpieces.
Certainly, Peter Liebhard managed well and economically, so that Johann Liebhard could begin with the erection of the brewery in 1877. In February 2, 1878, the first self brewed beer was served. He writes in this diary:
"Our first beer is served, very good and everywhere full people, Michl and Müller of Höhenkirchen so drunk that they toppled over 10 times."
Naturally, the brewery had only local importance and the beginning, even if the beer was delivered to relatives in Keferloh and Forstinning soon after.
Only in 1927 they ventured into Munich. But today, Aying special brews are sold even in the
USA, in Austria, and in Italy in particular. The Aying brewery now ranks among the largest, quality conscious, middle class private breweries in Bavaria.
Another noteworthy event of its time was the last "Haberfeldtreiben" (= sort of popular "lower justice", an old Bavarian custom) between Aying and Peiss in the night of September 21 to 22 in 1885. The brewer himself, got our of that "Haberfeldtreiben" quite well. The only damage he had to suffer was that he "lost" a barrel of beer for which he was paid in full, afterwards.
Johann Liebhard was also a fervent promoter of the railway section from Munich to Aying.
In 1904, August Zehentmair from Perlach married Maria Liebhard, Johann Liebhard's oldest daughter, and they took over the estate in the same year. Shortly afterwards, the railway section was opened. The trial run was on May 28, 1904, in the presence of the general manager, his excellence Mr. von Ebermeier, and the Bavarian Secretary of Transport, Mr. von Frauendorfer, followed by the official opening on June 5, 1904. Extract from Maria Zehentmair's diary:
"Railway opening on Sunday, June 5, 1904, special train with 800 people arrived here at 12.30 p.m. Local school children, veterans and fire brigade as reception at the station 5 clubs from Perlach plus 4 others. Official banquet in the hall, with 65 participants:
Cream of chicken soup with biscuit, game (cranberries and sweet chestnut) and fleuraux, roast sirloin garnished and fried potatoes, roast goose with mixed stewed fruit and salad, sherry cake, coffee with "Strauben" (= special Bavarian small cake)
A great break came with World War 1. August Zehentmair was also a soldier.
In 1921, the old "Jacklhaus" burnt down. This house had contained the old altar of oath, where the judges sent from the monastery of Bernried, dispensed justice. On the spot of the former Jacklhaus, August and Maria Zehentmair erected today's brewery restaurant. Previously, the inn had been on the estate opposite. The brewery restaurant was then let on lease for a longer period of time.
My grandfather, August Zehentmair, died in 1936, only 56 years of age.
At that moment, my parents, Franz Inselkammer and his wife Maria, August Zehentsmair's eldest daughter, took the Aying estate. In 1961, they decided to renovate the brewery restaurant, and it is now still as it was modified then. The brewery restaurant became world famous during the many years under my mother's administration, Maria Inselkammer.
The great merit of my parents was the salvation and reconstruction of the "PLATZL", a famous folk singer's theatre in Munich. It was acquired in 1953 and then built up to its old glory. In 1965, the firm "Isartaler Holzhaus" in Holzkirchen was acquired.
Unfortunately, Franz Inselkammer did not live to see the new "Platzl" (a hotel with more than 300 beds) completed. He died on August 11, 1986. He was made a freeman of the community of Aying and decorated with the Bavarian order of merit.
One of Franz Inselkammer's greatest achievements was that he was one of the initiators of an association to protect the Hofolding forest, a wonderful wooded area, to be destroyed
for the sake of a new large airport.
Much determination, hard work, good and reliable staff as well as good luck has been necessary to maintain the family enterprise over so many generations. I am sure that we can master the future with consistent importance payed to quality, our country and its tradition, and with the support from our many friends.
Franz Inselkammer Brewer of Aying
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